Clean Coal Description
Clean coal has been recognized by many to be a solution that offers the benefit of changing current “dirty” coal production into a pollution-free, cleaner energy resource. The American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity defines clean coal as "Any technology to reduce pollutants associated with the burning of coal that was not in widespread use prior to the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990."
Since 1990, a specific technology has evolved called Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS). CCS is a cleaner way of producing
heat and electric power. It is designed to isolate carbon dioxide and effectively store it underground so that it can no longer be harmful to our environment. While many of the major CCS projects have been slowed down or stopped in the US, Europe seems to still be moving ahead with its efforts to make CCS more prevalent.
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) OutlookSomeday, CCS technology will be installed in all of our coal plants so that they can comply with new, stringent regulations. Plus, brand new clean coal plants, also known as Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plants, are being designed from the ground-up. Today, however, there are only two in the entire country – one in Indiana and the other in Florida. IGCC plants cost approximately 20% more to build but they can also be around 20% cheaper to run.